Sorting Out the Two Kingdoms

Kingdom of the World

Kingdom of God

Exercises the power of the sword
(Rom. 13:1-4)
Exercises the power of the Cross
(1 Cor. 1:18) through the preaching of the Gospel (Matt. 28:18-20;
Mk. 16:15-16)
The greatest lord it over
(Matt. 20:25; Mk. 10:42; Lk. 22:25)
The greatest are the greatest servants (Matt. 20:26-28;
Mk. 10:43-45; Lk. 22:26-27;
1 Pet. 5:1-3)
Can only control outward behavior Transforms the inward man
(Rom. 12:2)
Promotes and seeks the defense and advancement of one’s own concerns: life, family, community, nation, and religion. Often the defense and advancement of these entities is at the expense of individuals; e.g. millions dying on opposing sides of a war to defend and/or advance the interests of their nations. Seeks the good of others, even those with whom we have no direct interest. Self-sacrifice is made for the sake of other individuals
(Matt. 16:25; 20:26-28; Mk. 8:35; Lk. 17:33; Jn. 12:25; Rom. 12:1; Phil. 2:1-8). The kingdom of God is advanced because it demonstrates God’s love and gives eternal life to others (Jn. 10:10).
Myriad laws to control outward behavior and so maintain order (Rom. 13:1-4) One law of love (Romans 13:8)
Uses worldly politics Does not judge those without
(1 Cor. 5:12-13), has no fellowship with the iniquitous system of the world (2 Cor. 6:14; Jas. 4:4), is not flesh and blood
(1 Cor. 15:50)
Returns evil with evil Returns evil with good
(Matt. 5:43-44; Lk. 6:27, 35;
Rom. 12:20)
Warfare is fleshly Warfare is spiritual (Eph. 6:10-17)
In bondage (Rom. 8:21; Gal. 4:3) Free (Lk. 4:18; Jn. 8:32, 36;
Rom. 8:21; Gal. 5:1)
Worships Satan, king of this world
(Matt. 4:8-9; 2 Cor. 4:4;
Rev. 12:9; 20:2)
Worships the Triune God
Visible to physical eyes and carnal mind Can be seen only by those born again
(Jn. 3:3; Mk. 4:11-12; Lk. 17:20-21)
Entered by physical birth into the world Entered by spiritual birth (Jn. 3:5)
Of the world In the world but not of it
(Jn. 17:14-18; 18:36)
In darkness
(Acts 26:15-18; Col. 1:13)
In the light (Col. 1:13; 1 Pet. 2:9)
Is in wickedness (1 Jn. 5:19) Righteous (Heb. 1:8)

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